Autism is a known brain development disorder that chiefly affects a person’s communication skills and social behaviors. To treat the behavioral issues, therapists work with children who are on autism spectrum with the right behavior therapy for each individual. Generally, applied behavior analysis therapy for autism is widely used among therapists. Still, other therapies to treat behavioral problems work better with the right protocol for each child to reach his/her goal.
A behavior treatment may include one or more of the following techniques.
1. Applied Behavior Analysis
Applied behavior analysis or ABA therapy for autism is one of the most preferred treatment to treat the behavior drawbacks in children. ABA therapists use various activities to help them reach the set goals. These trained therapists first observe a child and chalk out a program according to the areas that need improvement. The child is rewarded (with his favorite toy or sweets) on the accomplishment of each given task while ignoring failed or undesirable ones. Applied behavior analysis can also be done by parents or caregivers in real social situations – Home.
2. Relationship Development Intervention
Relationship development intervention (RDI) is another type of behavior therapy to introduce social behaviors in children with autism. After initial assessments, goals are set by the therapists for each child. Parents and caregivers are also invited to attend the workshop or watch the video to learn the technique involved in a relationship development intervention. how to carry out the therapy. Parents are also encouraged to submit their videos to get feedback or advice for further treatments. Parents and caregivers are more involved in RDI than therapists.
3. Sensory Integration Therapy
The third therapy to treat behavioral issues is sensory integration therapy. Apart from ABA therapy for autism this therapy is aimed at bringing positive behavioral changes by improving the child’s sensitivities to sensory stimuli. Over aggressiveness towards loud noises, bright lights, and touch are addressed by therapists by introducing the child to higher levels of the stimuli. The child is introduced to sessions of drama therapy, art therapy, and music therapy. Sensory integration therapy does not require a long period to get positive results.
4. Communication Interventions
Children without effective communication skills often exhibit undesired behaviors out of frustration. The fourth and the most important of behavior treatment, communication intervention, is vital for developing communication skills in individuals with autism. Although different strategies are used, still they all focus on treating the lack of effective communication in children and adults. Increase the use of gestures and signs (non-verbal), or use of pictures or words (verbal) to make requests for things they desire, help the children improve the way they communicate and help them to understand familiar words, phrases or follow simple directions. Reward them with their favorite toy or snack whenever they accomplish their tasks.
This ‘earn while learn’ way helps children with autism achieve positive results in their social and communication behaviors.