Behavioral problems along with many psychiatric disorders are common among individuals with autism. The frequency of these conditions demands appropriate support services for children with autism and their families. Some of the problems that are faced by individuals with autism need immediate treatment to minimize their effects.
Motor difficulties such as poor balance, poor muscle strength, and unstable gait affect the fine and gross motor skills are signs of autism. In children on the spectrum, poor motor skills are associated with social communication difficulties.
Extreme sensory issues, related to sound, hugs, and dim/bright light are commonly detected in children with autism spectrum disorder. Some children give an explosive and exaggerated reaction to loud noises, while others may not react at all. Some therapies like art therapy and occupational therapy can help to minimize the effects of sensory problems in children with autism.
Verbal Communication Problem
Children with autism have underdeveloped language skills. They also have difficulty in understanding what others want to say and are unable to communicate verbally. Some of the children have rich vocabularies and can speak on specific subjects of their interest for a long time. Speech therapy and art therapy can help the kids to convey their desire and to ease their communication deficiency.
Poor Nonverbal Conversation Skills
Children with autism are unable to use or understand gestures (such as pointing to an object). When unable to understand or express their needs and desires through action or words, the children become frustrated. They show frustration through vocal outbursts or unsuitable behaviors.
Children and adults do not show the desire to interact with others. Building up social skills through therapies (dance, music therapy) can help to enhance outcomes like making friendships and be a part of the community.
Children with autism (who can speak) talk on a subject that does not relate to the ongoing conversation. They may repeat the same words that they heard on television programs or commercials, a number of times. This condition is called echolalia. Art therapy can help children with their repetitive behavior.
Nervous expressions and repetitive behaviors represent anxiety. Children with autism experience strong tension which could result in excessive sweating, muscular tensions, stomachache.
More than a feeling of sadness, depression in children with autism arise in the form of restlessness and insomnia. It is difficult to diagnose depression in individuals who are unable to convey their feelings in words or gestures. Some of the reasons that flag depression includes changes in sleep routine, loss of appetite and an overall decrease in interests.
Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder that interferes with how people decipher certain types of information. It has nothing to do with intelligence but, depends on how the information received and processed by the brain.
Children with autism have a problem focusing. They may not focus on activities which do not interest them like solving a puzzle or reading a book. As they dislike these activities, they lose interest and do not pay attention to them. On the other hand, children with autism can stay engrossed talk for hours in activities that catch their interested.