Medical Treatment

Advantages Of Paediatric Physical Therapy For Children With Autism

Apart from being a neurodevelopmental disorder which affects the child’s behavioural, social, cognitive & communicative skills, Autism or Autism Spectrum Disorder, also affects their motor development and function.


Often, children with autism do not get diagnosed at the right time. Studies have revealed that gross motor complications arise if a timely intervention is missed. A strategic, systemic rehabilitation is thus essential to enhance their language impairments, social challenges and physical limitations as they age.


Most children with Autism or Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) have a weak muscle tone which could lead to poor balance, irregular gait, toe walking, running, sitting or jumping. These functional challenges need the immediate attention of a physical therapist.


The physical activities, conducted at neurorehabilitative clinics, are crafted around interactive exercises that pique the child’s interest and make it an enjoyable experience. The clinics have pits, climbing walls, swings, toys and other important amenities to create a child-friendly environment. A team of trained and experienced physical therapists helps these children with autism to maximize their physical abilities with extensive paediatric training that results in attaining the highest level of independence, improved motor function, limb coordination and balance, in a creative way.


These therapies which are tailor-made to each child’s requirement, by the physical therapists, help them gain confidence in the skills they need, to perform as responsible adults. Paediatric physical therapists often design treatment sessions to evoke better response in areas that the child lags in and in behavioural traits that hinder social participation.


The areas that a physical therapist addresses to help autistic children overcome their functional challenges are:


  • Muscle Tone: For strengthening the muscles of the limbs to reduce fatigue, improved function, posture, etc.
  • Gross Motor Function: To improve the muscles tone for standing, sitting, walking, running, etc.
  • Fine Motor Functions: These exercises help improve writing, holding instruments, cutlery, improve hand-eye coordination, etc.
  • Balance: Involved to enhance the brain and muscle coordination for climbing stairs, jumping, hopping, etc.


Physical therapy is thus essential to improve the gross and fine motor functioning, along with balance and coordination, by engaging all the five senses, i.e. sight, smell, sound, touch and taste, in children with ASD in order to improve their day to day functioning from early childhood.


  1. I thought it was interesting that you mentioned that one benefit to physical therapy is that it helps kids with autism who struggle with poor balance, irregular gait, tow walking, running, sitting or jumping. I would imagine that this would be very helpful in strengthening muscle tone so that the child can acquire proper balance. I am very interested in learning more about the physical therapy process and would recommend it to my friend who has a child who has been diagnosed with autism.

  2. Hi,

    Thanks for sharing this information. There are some conferences happening in which medical specialty would be Physical Therapy and here is one of those conferences the conference details are given below.

    American Osteopathic Society of Rheumatic Disease Organizing Congress of Medical Excellence 2.0: 48th Annual Conference of AOSRD and Integrative Health Alliance from Feb 28 – Mar 01, 2020 at Peppermill Reno, Reno, Nevada, USA.

    For more information please follow the below link:

  3. I did not know that children with autism were born with fragile muscles and might need treatment to get stronger bones. My brother told me that one of his friend’s son was diagnosed with autism and they are looking for ways to help him get a better quality of life. I will recommend them to look for a kid’s physical therapist so that this kid can be able to walk and run in the future.

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