What is ABA?
Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) is a therapy which has almost become synonymous with Autism Spectrum Disorder. It is also, possibly, one of the most heavily criticised treatment options for autism. Just as the name sounds, Applied Behavior Analysis therapy in autism, is based on the science of learning and motivation. ABA therapy in Autism includes general laws regarding how behavior works and how learning takes place. In short, Applied Behavior Analysis programs aim to change behavior using the principles of learning. The principles of ABA therapy essentially provide techniques to appraise and increase good behavior, and condemn and reduce undesirable behavior.
ABA therapy form concrete goals for a child to achieve and can easily see and measure success. Therefore, it is considered a "gold standard" therapy due to its effective and measurable results. The American Psychological Association and the US Surgeon General have considered ABA an evidence based "Best Practices" treatment for autism. “Evidence based” means that ABA has passed scientific tests of its usefulness, quality, and effectiveness. Even so, many in the autistic community believe that ABA therapy in autism can be too demanding for the child. Having said that, ABA therapy programs are extremely effective in managing & curbing challenging behaviours such as self-abuse and aggression.
The goal of ABA therapy in autism is to attain maximum possible independence. ABA therapy in autism focuses on a variety of daily living skills. Applied behavior analysis programs work on communication & social skills, adaptive learning skills such as fine motor dexterity, grooming, domestic capabilities and even job competence. Moreover, the principles of ABA therapy can also be used to develop new skills. The duration of time spent on ABA therapy in autism depends on the severity of the problem and individual rate of improvement. Any center for applied behavior analysis focuses on helping autistic children achieve their age appropriate goals. Refer to our Worldwide Directory to start ABA therapy for your autistic child, from an ABA Therapist closest to you.