Stem cell therapy is the latest scientific breakthrough in the medical treatment of autism. Whereas on one hand, stem cell therapy brings a lot of hope to children with autism, there is also a lot of hype. Therefore, the optimism of stem cell therapy needs to be considered with caution before we make any final decision in this connection.
On one hand, many centers all the over the world claim to have treated children with autism, with a good safety record and reasonably good clinical improvements. On the other hand, many members of the medical community still believe that this treatment is in its initial stages and is not completely established.
To proceed with our recommendations and views about stem cell therapy, it is first imperative to understand the different types and sources of stem cells.
Broadly speaking, stem cells are of two types:
Autologous stem cells
Autologous stem cells are those which are obtained from the patient’s own body.
They may be obtained from
Allogenic stem cells
Allogenic stem cells are those procured from matched related or unrelated donors. These may be subdivided into those of embryonic origin or non-embryonic origin such as the cells procured from another person’s umbilical cord.