Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and autism are both common terms used for a group of complex neuro-developmental disorders Autism is a pervasive developmental disorder that involves abnormal development and function of the brain. Individuals with autism show decreased social communication skills and restricted or repetitive patterns of behaviors or interests.. Autism spectrum disorder impacts the nervous system and affects the overall cognitive, emotional, social and physical health of the affected individual. This section explains some of signs and symptoms of autism, deficits in their social, communication skills, the behavioural issues, associated problems with autism, related causes and the team involved in treating and diagnosing autism.
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and autism are both common terms used for a group of complex neuro-developmental disorders. ASD affects the normal brain functions and cause impairments or delays in social interaction, communication and language along with behavioral issues. This complex neuro-developmental disability typically appears during the ﬁrst three years of life. Characterized by difficulties in speech, verbal and nonverbal communication, repetitive behaviors and sensory issues.It affects the way an individual relates to his or her environment and their interaction with other people and hence impacts the development in the areas of daily functioning and social interaction. Mental capacities are compromised due to subnormal functioning of some areas of the brain. Children with autism have special needs that must be catered differently.
Parents of children with autism usually have a few unanswered questions like “how did my child develop autism? My child was hale and healthy and had even started to speak a few words. Then, what happened suddenly?”So, is autism acquired? Could it have been prevented? Is it genetic? Can the other children also have autism? Yet, this is a question to which no deﬁnitive answers are given to them. Although the “why” may never be known. What is becoming clearer with ongoing research is, “what is the fundamental problem in the brains of the children with Autism”.
Children who are diagnosed with autism are known to have other co-existing problems.Thorough evaluation is needed to rule out whether the comorbidity is directly associated with ASD or is altogether a different condition in the child.
Below mentioned are some of the problems which may be associated with Autism.
Autism is one of those common conditions which remain unidentified or undiagnosed until very late into the developmental or formative years of a child. The reasons behind this are limited awareness of parents as well as denial or hesitancy in accepting their child’s problems.
Kids with ASD find have lot of communication and language challenges and have trouble in making social communication .With increase in age the intensity of communication incompetency is further affected with the feelings of anxiety and depression. All these exemplifies the social problems and affect their social skills.