Recently, stem cell therapy is evolving as a new treatment for various incurable disorders such as autism. This therapy aims at replacing the damaged cells of the body using healthy cells. In autism, selective areas of the brain are damaged and do not function normally. Hence, this therapy helps in repairing and restoring the affected functions and thereby improving the quality of life of the individuals affected with autism. It helps to make these children independent and integrate them into the society.
Chelation is a process of eliminating specific heavy metals from the blood. Heavy metals like cadmium, mercury and lead have been found in high levels in some children with autism. Hence, chelation is being used as a treatment for children associated with metal toxicity. It is hypothesized that chelation therapy may help these children improve by removing the toxic metals.
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is a new form of medical treatment which is being studied extensively for autism. It is a safe, effective and a non invasive procedure.
“Hyper” means more and “Baric” means pressure, i.e. this therapy uses pressure to distribute more oxygen into body tissues such as brain along with blood, cerebrospinal fluid, etc.
In an enclosed, specially designed, pressurized chamber, the patient inhales 100% oxygen at a pressure three times greater than normal atmospheric pressure. Each session of HBOT lasts upto 45-60 minutes. Patient may require upto 40 sessions of HBOT to see the benefits.
Vitamin B12 (Methyl-B12) is a water soluble vitamin which is naturally present in certain food items such as eggs, milk, meat and fish. But, it is commonly deficient in children with autism as they have limited ability to absorb vitamin B12. Lack of vitamin B12 is responsible for the severity of autism.